Federal Budget

The federal budget process can have a tremendous impact on vital programs that make our State and our municipalities strong and stable. Staying aware of the impacts of the budget and working with your League and Federal representatives to respond to the proposals, and can ensure the best possible outcome for municipalities.

The fiscal year is the accounting period for the federal government, beginning Oct. 1 and ending on Sept. 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2023 begins on October 1, 2022, and ends on Sept. 30, 2023. 


Congress passes appropriations legislation to fund the government for every fiscal year. Appropriations acts are characteristically annual and generally provide funding authority that expires at the end of the federal fiscal year, September 30. 

The House and Senate Committees on Appropriations have jurisdiction over the annual appropriations measures. Each committee is organized into subcommittees, with each subcommittee having responsibility for developing one regular annual appropriations bill to provide funding for departments and activities within its jurisdiction.  Each House appropriations subcommittee is paired with a Senate appropriations subcommittee and the two subcommittees’ jurisdictions are generally identical. 

The current appropriations subcommittee structure includes the following 12 subcommittees 

  1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food & Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
  2. Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
  3. Defense
  4. Energy and Water Development, and Related Agencies
  5. Financial Services and General Government
  6. Homeland Security
  7. Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
  8. Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies 
  9. Legislative Branch 
  10. Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
  11. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
  12. Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies

These appropriations can be found and tracked at the Congress.gov website.
For a full rundown, please review The Congressional Appropriations Process

News & Updates

The Budget and Economic Outlook 2020 to 2030 from the Congressional Budget Office

Federal Budget 2023 of the U.S. Government.

Analytical Perspectives Budget of the U.S. Government Fiscal Year 2023

White House Office of Management & Budget

  1. Enabling Middle Mile Broadband Infrastructure Program Funding Opportunity

    The NTIA announced a Notice of Funding Opportunity for the Enabling Middle Mile Broadband Infrastructure Program. Municipalities are eligible to apply and can partner with industry and community groups. Read on...
  2. President Biden Proposes Federal Fuel Tax Holiday

    As a measure to reduce increasing costs as well as to mitigate the supply chain issues regarding Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, President Joe Biden called on Congress to suspend the federal gas tax for 90 days. Read on...
  3. Second Tranche of ARP SLRF Expected

    Second tranche funds for Non-entitlement Units of local government (NEUs) will be made available 12 months after the 1st tranche was delivered, which should be June. Read on...
  4. U.S. Treasury Issues Guidance for Federal Requirements for Single Audits

  5. ARP & BIL Presentation

    At the NJ Conference of Mayors Annual Meeting in Atlantic City, NJLM Senior Legislative Analyst Paul Penna participated in a panel: American Rescue Plan and Infrastructure Program Funds: Leveraging Federal, State, and County Funds for Municipal Use. Read on...
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